Introducing Fractions

Neha Gupta
3 classes
Critical thinking, Problem Solving
Remember, Understand, Application
Yes
Introducing Fractions
Objective1: Make students aware of how fractions are being used in our everyday life by connecting it with the food we eat.Objective 2: Make them understand how small parts from a big whole part becomes fractions by doing the activity given below
Students learn how fractions are part of one whole thing. You need to explain when things get broken into equal pieces, then actually the process of fraction taking place.
Paper strips, pencil, color pencils

Step 1: Tip #1 – Explain every fraction in terms of pizzas to make fractions familiar.

Its best to use simple analogies or examples to which students can relate to when teaching any concept esp in mathematics. Thus enters the pizza as the perfect instrument needed to teach the concept of the fraction.
Step 2: Make children now take strip of paper and fold it into two equal parts. You keep doing it in front of them and ask to follow. Ask them how many parts have you made out of one paper. Now go ahead with another fold so that it becomes four equal parts. Now again ask students how many parts have been created out of one.
Step 3: Now out of the four parts ask them to color one part of the four parts. Once they do that ask them how many parts have they colored out of the four parts. The answer will be 1 colored part of the four parts becomes numerator and all 4 parts of the paper become denominator. 1 colored part of 4 parts of the paper = 1/4

Related image
Step 4: In such a way do more examples on the board to explain them the concept of fractions ; numerator and denominator.

http://www.commoncoresheets.com/Math/Fractions/Naming%20Fractions/English/2.pdf http://www.commoncoresheets.com/Math/Fractions/Determining%20Zero%20Half%20and%20Whole/English/3.pdf http://www.commoncoresheets.com/Math/Fractions/Expressing%20Fractions%20as%20Words/English/4.pdf http://www.commoncoresheets.com/Math/Fractions/Numberline/English/6.pdf http://www.commoncoresheets.com/Math/Fractions/Word%20Problems%20Same%20Denom/English/3.pdf
Some prompts that ccan be used during the class:
1.Show me how you divide this circle into halves/quarters/eighths.
o How do you know this is correct?
o Please describe your method clearly.
o Would anyone do it another way?
2. Show me on this circle one half/one quarter/one eighth.
o How do you know this is correct?
o Please describe your method clearly.
o Would anyone do it another way?
3. Show me on this circle one third/one sixth/one twelfth.
o How do you know this is correct?
o Please describe your method clearly.
o Would anyone do it another way?
4.Show me on this circle one third/one fifth/one seventh.
o How do you know this is correct?
o Please describe your method clearly.
o Would anyone do it another way?
5. Show me on this circle three quarters/six eights.
o How do you know this is correct?
o Please describe your method clearly.
o Would anyone do it another way?
Accurate, Complete, Knowledgeable, Precise
1. Multiple choice questions which are being asked at every step to make children apply the knowledge which is being imparted to them during the lecture.
2. Some questions given to them for homework
There was some confusion in the class with the children who are slow learners, so we did an impromptu activity with them by redoing the activity and then asking them questions at every step. That ways' children will able to grasp the concept easily.