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Past Continuous Tense

Savitri Waldia
40 minutes
Critical thinking, Effective communication
Remember, Understand, Application
Past Continuous Tense
Learners will be able to apply and use past continuous tense correctly in oral and written communication .
To enable students understand the time context and its expression in past continuous tense through verbs and its forms.
Black board , chalk ,duster , flash cards with picture and statements .

Step 1. Ask a few simple questions using past continuous tense related to day to day activities done in past such as yesterday , last night , last evening etc . Such as : What were you doing at eight o’clock last night ?

I saw you in the market yesterday . What were you doing there ?

There will be a spontaneous response in the tense in which the question has been asked . In case of a mistake another child can be asked to answer and the process can continue till the correct answer is received .

Step 2. Write all the sentences on the black board and underline the verbs and auxiliaries .

Step 3. Now ask children to observe the common things in all the sentences . They will tell you the use of was/ were , the helping verbs and main verb + ing . Take this opportunity to reiterate the use of was for singular subject and were for plural subject .

Step 4. Conduct an oral drill using past continuous tense for some listed activities given in a substitution table . Such as : eating ice cream , having bath , listening to the news etc . Ask them to add suitable subjects and time of action . I was eating ice cream with my friend when the bell rang . Mother was having bath so she could not answer the phone . The television was on but no one was listening to the news .

Step 5. After giving enough practice it’s time to explain the rules and the usage .

The past form of the auxiliary ‘ be ‘ is ‘was ‘for singular subject and ‘were ‘ for plural subject .

Pin past continuous tense subject is followed by past form of ‘ be’ verb that is was / were + verb + ing and the rest of the sentence . Example :  The dog was chasing the cat . The boys were playing football .

a. We use past continuous tense to talk about things happening in past without their time of finishing . For example : It was getting dark .

b. It can also be used  to talk of an action which began much before another action such as : When I arrived home mother was cooking dinner .

c. It is also used to describe actions in a narrative or description such as : The man was walking briskly with his hands in the pocket . The Girl was playing piano and singing to herself etc .

Step 6. It’s practice time now . Give a few exercises for oral practice asking students to use the given verbs and the subjects in past continuous tense . Example : Ravi …………….. ……….    a letter . ( write )

Step 7. Give a few written exercises to be done in class . Make them check the answers from the board and rate themselves .

Find the error and correct them Comple the sentence using present continuous tense form of the verb given in bracket . Change the simple past tense to past continuous tense .
What is the past form of ' be ' verb ?
Can you use past continuous to describe something that took place in the past or some thing that began in past and continued .
Accurate, Complete, Knowledgeable, Coordinated, Organized

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