Past perfect tense

Savitri Waldia
40 minutes
Learners will be able to discern the subtle differences in the use of present perfect , simple present and past perfect tense and use it correctly . They will be able to change the tense of a sentence from present perfect to past perfect and simple past to past perfect and tell the difference that
Differentiation among tenses based on the use of verb and its forms as verb denotes the action and its form the time of action .
Black board , chalk ,duster and flash cards .

Step 1. Write down three sentences in three different tenses denoting the same action and ask the students to observe the difference .

a. He reached station .

b. He has reached station .

c. He had reached station before the train arrived .

Step 2. Ask questions on each sentence about the verb , it’s form and the usage .

a. It’s a statement on some past action .

b. It relates to the action already started but just completed .

c. This sentence has two actions . Earlier action is past perfect because it took place first and second action will be in simple past .

Step 3. Now we can derive the rules for each tense and understand their application by using them in situations . For example : state three things you did last night .

Ask question using has/ have so as to get answers using has/ have .

For example : Have done your home work ?

Has your friend come back ?

Give situations where two actions take place in past time . Ask them to join the sentence using past perfect and tell them the rule .

use had + auxiliary form of the verb to make past perfect .

use past perfect with the action that took place prior to the next . Use past tense for the  action that took place later .

a. It started raining raining . Before i reached the bus station .

Ans : It had started raining before I reached the bus station

Step 4. Give exercises asking them to join the sentences to make past perfect tense .

Tell them to find the errors .

Give exercises with fill in the blanks .

Give oral practice using some language games .


When do we use simple past tense ? Say right or wrong Simple present tense refers to an action done in the past to present . The action done prior to the later will be in past tense .
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