Step 1. Ask the students to name a few actions and write them on the black board .
Step 2. Choose an action and ask a student to use it in a sentence .
Step 3. Ask on other student whether the sentence is correct .
Step 4 . Ask another child about the tense of the said sentence .
Step 5. Likewise do this for activity for simple present and simple past tense bringing out how the verbs and their form changes the tense in a sentence . This is the recapitulation part of the lesson . Without a quick recap of previous tenses the ensuing tense will not make sense to the children .
Step 6. Ask a few questions on the words present and perfect per se their literal meaning .
Step 7. Use the words present and perfect to explain the present perfect tense with examples such as . Have you finished your work ? Elicit an answer from the students . Yes , I have finished my work .
Here the work which has been completed is being enquired about and has its implication in present which is if you have finished the work submit it . Thus the work done in the past is connected to present that’s why it is called present perfect tense .
Step 8. Make a few sentences in present perfect tense and write them on board .
Step 9 . Ask the students to identify the the action verbs and helping verbs used in these sentences .
Step 10. Now derive the rules governing present perfect tense : subject followed by has / have + past participle form of the main verb followed by the object .
Step 11. Tell them or reiterate the use of has for a singular subject and have for plural along I and you which are exceptions .
Step 12 . Follow it by oral and written exercises in the use of present perfect tense .