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Present Perfect Tense

Savitri Waldia
Critical thinking, Effective communication
Remember, Understand, Application
Present Perfect Tense
1.Learners will be able to differentiate and identify verbs and their forms in various sentences and tell how do they change the tense of a sentence .2.They will be able to use resent and past tenses correctly .3. They will be able to use present perfect tense in a sentence and find out the errors in a sentence .
1. To enable the learners how actions / verbs that denote an action change the tense of a sentence . It will enable them to understand the context of an action and apply tenses accordingly .
Some flash cards with sentences in simple present , simple past and present perfect tense . Black board , chalk and duster . Some listed activities to unfold the tense in each sentence which will depict the targeted tense .

Step 1. Ask the students to name a few actions and write them on the black board .

Step 2. Choose an action and ask a student to use it in a sentence .

Step 3. Ask on other student whether the sentence is correct .

Step 4 . Ask another child about the tense of the said sentence .

Step 5. Likewise do this for activity for simple present and simple past tense bringing out how the verbs and their form changes the tense in a sentence . This is the recapitulation part of the lesson . Without a quick recap of previous tenses the ensuing tense will not make sense to the children .

Step 6. Ask a few questions on the words present and perfect per se their literal meaning .

Step 7. Use the words present and perfect to explain the present perfect tense with examples such as . Have you finished your work ? Elicit an answer from the students . Yes , I have finished my work .

Here the work which has been completed is being enquired about and has its implication in present which is if you have finished the work submit it . Thus the work done in the past is connected to present that’s why it is called present perfect tense .

Step 8. Make a few sentences in present perfect tense and write them on board .

Step 9 . Ask the students to identify the the action verbs and helping verbs used in these sentences .

Step 10. Now derive the rules governing present perfect tense : subject followed by has / have + past participle form of the main verb followed by the object .

Step 11. Tell them or reiterate the use of has for a singular subject and have for plural along I and you which are exceptions .

Step 12 . Follow it by oral and written exercises in the use of present perfect tense .

give practice work sheets in class as well for home assignments .
Download File What type of actions will come under present perfect tense
a. action done in present
b. actions done in past
c. actions done in past but connected to present in some way .
2. Which helping verbs should you use in a present perfect tense .?
3. Name the subjects singular in form but take plural helping verb .
4. Which form of the main verb is used in present perfect tense .
a. Present form
b. Past form
c. Past participle form .
Accurate, Clearly explained, Complete, Methodical, Precise, Successful
Changes were made to facilitate the students understanding and they were of situational nature .
They can modify the activity to suit their requirements though the rudiments remain the same .

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