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class VII

Key Concepts

superstructures, trabeate, baolis, shikharas, keystone, true arch, chahar bagh, pietra dura, diwain-i-khas

essential questions

1. Why do you think kings and emperors built these superstructures during their era?
2. What do we learn from the architectures of these superstructures?
3. Do you seen any cultural influence on these superstructures that have been built over the centuries?


1. What two types of structures were built by the Kings and their officers between 8th and 18th century?

2. What is superstructure? What does it need?

3. Which two technological and stylistic development took place from the 12th century?

4. Name three ruling dynasties of Southern India and mention names of temples constructed by them.

5. Fill in the blank: 1) The ____ temple at Thanjavur had tallest Shikhara.

2) ___ did not claim to be the incarnation of God.

3) King Sena I of SriLanka was defeated by ruler Shrimara

4) Idea of construction of ____ was described by Babur in his autobiography

5) The Pietra Dura work on the emperor’s throne depicts the Greek God___ playing the flute

6) Shah Jahan constructed a new city called____ in Delhi.


1. What is meant by ‘ Trabeate’ in Mughal age? a) A style of architecture  b) A kind of tax  c) Land grants  d) land reforms

2. Who among these Chola rulers was the contemporary of Sultan Mahumud of Ghazani: a) Rajendra I   b) Rajarajeshwar  c) Kullotung  d) Parantaka-I



  1. Highlight the architectural innovations under Akbar’s reign?
  2. Give an account o temple construction in the early eleventh century?
  3. What did the royal temples signify?
  4. What did the rulers do to get the praise and respect of the people?
  5. Give an account of garden’s during Mughal rule.
  6. Match the following:
  1. Agra Fort                               Forty pillared hall
  2. Chilhil Sutun                        Iltutmish
  3. Jama Masjid                         Shah Jahan
  4. Hauzi Sultani                       Buddhist Monk
  5. Dhammakitti                        Eight Paradise
  6. Hasht Bihisht                       Akbar


Match the following:

1) Allaudin Khilji    i) Hauz-i-Sultani

2) Iltutmish          ii) Alai Darwaza

3) Akbar                iii) Red Fort

4) ShahJahan      iv) Buland Darwaja

Codes:  1         2      3      4

a) i         ii     iii     iv

b) ii       i      iii     iv

c) iv       i       ii    iii

d)  ii      i       iv     iii


  1. Sultan Mahmud of Ghazani was a contemporary of Rajendra I. Give reasons for this statement.
  2. Why were the temples destructed by the invaders? Give two such examples.
  3. How was the connection between royal justice and the imperial court was emphasized by architecture?
  4. The village near Rajarajeshvara temple is called as Charupallam. Give reasons.


Who among these was the Mughal King about whom it was said that he was the ‘ Architect of the workshop of empire and religion’? a) Akbar   b) Jahangir  c) ShahJahan  d) Aurangzeb


1. Why is it said that the creation of large empires that brought different regions under their rule helped in the cross fertilization of artistic forms and architectural styles.

2. Shah Jahan planned the city of Shahjahanabad in front of the river front. Can you give reasons why?


  1. Who among these Delhi Sultans are associated with Qutub Minar? a) Aibak, Iltutmish, Allaudin Khilji  b) Mohammad Bib Tughlaq, Firoz Shah Tughluq  c) Sikander Lodhi and Ibrahim Lodhi  Choose the correct Options: a) Only 1 and 2  b) only 2 and 3  c) Only 1 and 3 d) All of these
  2. Consider the following statement about Mughal architecture and choose the correct options: Statement 1: Archuate Style of architecture was adopted   Statement2: Limestone cement was increasingly used in construction. choose the option: a) Only 1   b) Only 2   c) Both of them   d) None
  3. Consider the following statement about the architectural development during Mughal age: Statement 1: The central towering dome and the tall gateway (pishtaq) became important aspects of Mughal Architecture  Statement 2: Char- Baug style of architecture   Statement 3: Use of red sand stone, edged with white marble. Statement 4: Use of Pietra Dura Which of the statement is correct: a) Only 1,2 and 3   b) Only 2, 3 and 4  c) Only 2 and 4   d) All of the above