Connect between irrigation and Modern farming techniques

Siddharth Yadav
45mins
Critical thinking, Problem Solving
Remember, Understand, Application, Analysis

Connect between irrigation and Modern farming techniques
The data analysis will help students find the connect between importance of irrigation and modern farming techniques
This case study will help students understand how irrigation is important to increase the yield of crops.
Paper pencil and the case study print out to be distributed among students

Case Study Method:

As of 2011, India had a large and diverse agricultural sector, accounting, on average, for about 16% of GDP and 10% of export earnings. India’s arable land area of 159.7 million hectares (394.6 million acres) is the second largest in the world, after the United States. Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 million hectares (215.6 million acres) is the largest in the world.

Table 1: State wise irrigation types, capacity and actual

State Total crop area (2011)
(million hectares)[32]
Groundwater irrigation equipped
crop area (2011)
(million hectares)[33]
Canal irrigation equipped
crop area (2011)
(million hectares)[33]
Total crop area
actually irrigated (2011)
(million hectares)[33]
Andhra Pradesh 14.3 2.5 2.7 4.9
Arunachal Pradesh 0.4 0.07 0.05
Assam 3.0 0.13 0.1 0.22
Bihar 6.4 2.2 1.3 3.5
Chhattisgarh 5.1 0.17 0.74 0.85
Goa 0.1 0.1 0.1
Gujarat 9.9 3.1 0.5 3.2
Haryana 3.6 1.99 1.32 3.26
Himachal Pradesh 1.0 0.02 0.09 0.11
Jammu & Kashmir 0.9 0.02 0.38 0.37
Jharkhand 3.2 0.11 0.13 0.24
Karnataka 12.2 1.43 1.33 2.38
Kerala 1.5 0.18 0.21 0.39
Madhya Pradesh 15.8 2.74 1.70 4.19
Maharashtra 19.8 3.12 1.03 3.36
Manipur 0.2 0.05 0.05
Meghalaya 0.3 0.06 0.06
Mizoram 0.1 0.01 0.01
Nagaland 1.1 0.1 0.07
Odisha 4.9 0.17 1.07 1.24
Punjab 4.0 3.06 0.94 3.96
Rajasthan 21.1 3.98 1.52 5.12
Sikkim 0.1 0.01 0.01
Tamil Nadu 6.5 1.61 1.43 2.66
Tripura 0.3 0.02 0.05 0.07
Uttar Pradesh 17.6 10.64 4.21 14.49
Uttarakhand 0.8 0.22 0.14 0.35
West Bengal 5.5 2.09 1.22 2.98
All India 159.6 39.43 22.48 58.13

Note: The all India total includes land area for Union Territories of India that is not shown in the above table.

Questions to infer from the above table:

  1. What percent of the arable land is still dependent on monsoons?
  2. Which state has the highest percentage of arable land under irrigation?
  3. Which state has the highest percentage of arable land dependent on monsoon?

Agriculture in India has shown an increase in average agricultural output per hectare in last 60 years. The table 2 below presents average farm productivity in India over three farming years for some crops. Improving road and power generation infrastructure, knowledge gains and reforms has allowed India to increase farm productivity between 40% to 500% over 40 years.[17]

India is among the top three global producers of many crops, including wheat, rice, pulses, cotton, peanuts, fruits and vegetables.

Table 2:

Agriculture productivity in India, growth in average yields from 1970 to 2010
Crop[17] Average YIELD, 1970-1971 Average YIELD, 1990-1991 Average YIELD, 2010–2011
kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare kilogram per hectare[66]
Rice 1123 1740 2240
Wheat 1307 2281 2938
Pulses 524 578 689
Oilseeds 579 771 1325
Sugarcane 48322 65395 68596
Tea 1182 1652 1669
Cotton 106 225 510
Summary
Connect between irrigation and Modern farming techniques
Article Name
Connect between irrigation and Modern farming techniques
Description
This case study will help students understand how irrigation is important to increase the yield of crops.
Author
Publisher Name
Eshikshachaupal
Publisher Logo
Reference Links:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irrigation_in_India
http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.IRIG.AG.ZS?locations=IN
http://www.efreshglobal.com/efresh/Headers/images/pdf/Articles/Innovative%20Farm%20Practices%20-Pest%20Controls.pdf
1. Why do think so India's recent accomplishments in crop yields while being impressive, are still just 30% to 60% of the best crop yields achievable in the farms of developed as well as other developing countries. Discuss the reasons for the same.
2. As per economic survey cultivable land in INdia from 1950-2010 has risen by 20 million hectares only. But the production of grains/ other agriculture crops has increase every year. a) Can you cite the reasons for this trend.

3. Do you agree with the statement that its important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?
Clearly explained, Knowledgeable, Methodical, Precise, Well crafted/ articulated, Informative, Persuasive

Case study and data interpretation is one of the best ways to develop the analytical skills among students

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